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HomeHealth EducationColds and the Flu | Respiratory Infections Throughout Being pregnant

Colds and the Flu | Respiratory Infections Throughout Being pregnant


If you’re pregnant, it’s essential to take precautions in opposition to viral infections. A viral an infection is a contagious sickness. Most viruses won’t harm your child. Nonetheless, some viruses could cause miscarriage or start defects. A virus can have an effect on your respiratory tract (respiration) and might trigger different signs. The flu and the frequent chilly are examples of viral infections. Different examples are:

  • Chickenpox (varicella)
  • Fifth illness
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Rubella (additionally known as German measles)
  • Zika virus
  • COVID-19

Pregnant girls will be uncovered to individuals with viral infections. They unfold instantly by means of touching, kissing, or sexual exercise. You can too get them not directly, by means of coughing or sneezing. They’ll unfold by means of contact with contaminated surfaces, meals, and water. Simply being uncovered doesn’t imply you’ll grow to be sick.

Path to improved well being

Contact your physician immediately in case you are pregnant and uncovered to somebody who has a viral an infection. The physician will need to know which virus and what kind of contact you had. In addition they might ask about your signs.

Listed below are some questions your physician might ask:

  • Did you contact or kiss the contaminated particular person?
  • How lengthy have been you in touch with the contaminated particular person?
  • When did the contaminated particular person get sick?
  • Did a health care provider diagnose the contaminated particular person’s sickness? Have been any assessments completed?

What if I’m uncovered to influenza?

Influenza will be extra critical for pregnant girls. It’s possible you’ll get very sick. Nonetheless, it rarely causes start defects within the child. If you’re pregnant throughout flu season (October by means of March), you must get a flu shot.

What ought to I do if I’m uncovered to chickenpox?

Chickenpox is brought on by the varicella virus and is extremely contagious. It may be critical throughout being pregnant. Typically, chickenpox could cause start defects. In case you have had chickenpox prior to now, it’s unlikely you’ll catch it once more. In case you have not had it or in case you are undecided, see your physician. Your physician will take a look at your blood to see in case you are immune.

Many individuals who don’t bear in mind having chickenpox are immune. In case your blood take a look at exhibits that you’re not immune, you may take medicines to make your sickness much less extreme and assist defend your child from chickenpox.

What ought to I do if I’m uncovered to fifth illness?

Fifth illness is a standard virus in youngsters. About half of all adults are delicate to fifth illness and might catch it from youngsters.

Youngsters who’ve fifth illness usually get a rash on their physique and have cold-like signs. Their cheeks could also be purple and seem like they’ve been slapped or pinched. Adults who get fifth illness don’t often have the “slapped cheek” rash. Adults will usually have very sore joints.

If you happen to get fifth illness early in your being pregnant, you could possibly have a miscarriage. It can also trigger start defects in your child, similar to extreme anemia. Name your physician in case you are uncovered to fifth illness. Your physician might have you ever take a blood take a look at to see for those who’re immune. You additionally may have an ultrasound examination to see if the infant has been contaminated.

What if I’m uncovered to cytomegalovirus?

Cytomegalovirus often doesn’t trigger any signs. This makes it exhausting to know when you have it. It’s the commonest an infection that may be handed from mom to child. Cytomegalovirus impacts 1 of each 100 pregnant girls. It may trigger start defects, similar to listening to loss, improvement disabilities, and even dying of the fetus.

It’s essential to forestall cytomegalovirus as a result of there isn’t any strategy to deal with it. Ladies who work in day care facilities or a well being care setting have the very best threat of getting contaminated. Pregnant girls with these jobs ought to wash their arms after dealing with diapers and keep away from snuggling or kissing the infants. If you happen to suppose you’ve been uncovered to an individual who has cytomegalovirus, see your physician immediately.

What if I’m uncovered to rubella?

Since 1969, virtually all youngsters have had the rubella vaccine, so it’s a uncommon illness immediately. On the first prenatal go to, all pregnant girls ought to be examined to see if they’re proof against rubella. Ladies who should not immune ought to get the vaccine after the infant is born. Discuss to your physician in case you are making an attempt to grow to be pregnant. Then you may get the vaccine prematurely in case you are not immune.

Signs of rubella in adults are joint ache and a doable ear an infection. The virus could cause extreme start defects or dying of the fetus. Discuss to your physician when you have these signs or have been uncovered.

What if I’m uncovered to Zika virus?

The Zika virus is a travel-related virus that may trigger start defects if a lady is uncovered throughout being pregnant. Zika outbreaks have been reported in South America, Central America, and North America. The virus could cause microcephaly (the infant’s head and mind are smaller than regular. This causes an mental incapacity).

The an infection is transmitted by means of an contaminated mosquito chunk or is handed to a lady by means of sexual contact. Ladies who’re pregnant or hope to grow to be pregnant ought to keep away from journey to those areas and use a condom throughout intercourse in case your companion has traveled to the realm. Your physician will inform you how lengthy you could wait earlier than making an attempt to grow to be pregnant in case your companion has been uncovered to the virus.

Issues to contemplate

Most different viruses don’t appear to extend the pure threat for start defects. This consists of viruses similar to common measles, mumps, roseola, mononucleosis, and bronchiolitis. In regular pregnancies, the chance of significant start defects is 2% to three%.

To guard your self from all infectious viruses:

  • Wash your arms incessantly, particularly after utilizing the restroom or earlier than a meal.
  • Keep away from contact with people who find themselves sick, contaminated or in shut contact with others who’re.
  • Get a flu shot and different vaccines both earlier than or throughout being pregnant, as wanted.

Contact your physician immediately when you have been uncovered to an contaminated particular person or have signs of a virus. They’ll present therapy, if doable, and monitor your child for indicators of an infection.

Inquiries to ask your physician

  • How do I do know if I’ve been uncovered to somebody contaminated with a virus?
  • What can I do to forestall publicity?
  • How do I do know if I’m proof against sure viruses?
  • At what level ought to I get a flu shot?
  • Are there another vaccines I ought to get earlier than or throughout being pregnant?

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Copyright © American Academy of Household Physicians

This info supplies a normal overview and should not apply to everybody. Discuss to your loved ones physician to search out out if this info applies to you and to get extra info on this topic.



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