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The 4 Seasons in Spanish: Our Seasonal Vocabulary Information

seasons in spanish

Studying the seasons in Spanish is essential, particularly since Spanish-speaking nations span numerous climates and hemispheres.

“Season” has two distinct translations in Spanish, la estación and la temporada. Since we’re speaking about totally different elements of the 12 months with distinct climate patterns relatively than a sport or fruit season, the proper translation is la estación.

The 4 important seasons in Spanish are: la primavera (spring), el verano (summer time), el otoño (autumn) and el invierno (winter).

However some nations even have la estación lluviosa (wet season) and la estación seca (dry season).

On this put up, you’ll study 50+ seasonal vocabulary phrases and how one can discuss them with appropriate grammar (due to tons of instance sentences).


Everybody loves spring, proper? The world begins to get up after its winter hibernation, leaves return to the timber and flowers begin to bloom. 

Let’s take a look at a few of the methods you may describe this stunning time of the 12 months:

To study extra spring vocabulary, take a look at our in-depth put up right here.

Summer time has bought to be essentially the most hyped season—and for good purpose! Life simply feels simpler in summer time, and everybody appears happier.

When you’re a part of the bulk who love summer time, it’s price realizing a few of the main summer time vocabulary in Spanish: 

For extra summer time vocabulary, I extremely advocate trying out our put up about Spanish seashore vocabulary right here.

Autumn is essentially the most underrated season for my part.

It’s a welcome respite after the warmth of summer time, and (relying on the place you reside, in fact) the colours on this planet round you make autumn extremely stunning.

It’s additionally the time of 12 months it’s acceptable to start out ingesting pumpkin spice lattes once more—yay!

Let’s take a look at some autumnal vocab:

Within the temper to study extra autumn vocabulary? Take a look at our put up on fall phrases subsequent.

Lastly we now have winter. In all probability essentially the most polarizing of the seasons, winter is undeniably as cozy as it’s highly effective. 

Find it irresistible or hate it, it comes round yearly and there’s no stopping it—so you might as effectively learn to describe it in Spanish!

You’ll be able to wrap up your winter Spanish finding out with this put up on extra winter vocabulary.

Extra Seasons in Spanish

It’s vital to notice that some locations near the equator expertise little seasonal variation. The seasons are sometimes damaged down into two: la estación lluviosa (wet season) and la estación seca (dry season).

Listed here are some vital vocabulary phrases you have to describe most of these climates.

La Estación Lluviosa — Wet Season

La Estación Seca — Dry Season

The right way to Discuss Concerning the Climate and Seasons in Spanish

trees in a field showing pretty flowers and new growth

When to Use Hay, Hace and Estar

In Spanish, there are three phrases you should use (and can hear) fairly often when describing the climate: hay, hace and estar.

Hay is the current easy type of the verb haber. It means “there’s/are” and expresses one thing’s existence. With regards to climate, you’ll hear expressions utilizing hay after phrases like “clouds,” “solar” and “hail.” For instance:

Hay nubes.
(It’s cloudy. Actually, “there are clouds.”)

Hay sol.
(It’s sunny. Actually, “there’s solar.”)

Hay granizo.
(It’s hailing. Actually, “there’s hail.”)

Hace is used to explain the feeling of the climate—or, the way it feels. It interprets actually to “it makes” and is often used with nouns like calor (warmth) and frío (chilly). These phrases are sometimes translated into English as adjectives, which may make it complicated to know. For instance:

Hace frío.
(It’s chilly. Actually, “it makes chilly.”)

Hace calor.
(It’s scorching. Actually, “it makes warmth.”)

Hace fresco.
(It’s cool. Actually, “it makes cool.”)

Estar is used with extra descriptive and particular adjectives that describe the state of the climate, not the feeling, similar to hay. For instance:

Está soleado.
(It’s sunny.)

Está húmedo.
(It’s humid.)

Está nublado.
(It’s cloudy.)

Describing climate in Spanish is a bit more difficult than in English, the place we merely use the verb “to be” to explain the whole lot we see and really feel. However the extra you work together with Spanish—consuming content material, speaking with native audio system, and many others.—you’ll discover these easy grammar guidelines develop into second nature.

I additionally advocate making an attempt an immersion program like FluentU, which helps you to watch genuine Spanish movies to study difficult phrases like hay, hacer and estar in context.

Every video comes with interactive subtitles, which suggests you may see how Spanish grammar is utilized by native audio system whereas additionally with the ability to click on on phrases and buildings you don’t know to get definitions.

When to Use Particular Article for Spanish Seasons

The particular article is used with the seasons extra typically than in English. That is true in each singular and plural types.

Notice the particular articles el, la, los and las—all equal to English “the”in these examples:

El otoño es mi estación favorita.
(Fall is my favourite season.)

El invierno ya viene.
(Winter is coming.)

Los veranos en el Mediterráneo son muy suaves.
(Summers within the Mediterranean are very delicate.)

There are exceptions although, particularly after the verb ser (to be) or the prepositions en or de (often “in” or “of” in English).

For instance:

Es verano en España pero invierno en Argentina.
(It’s summer time in Spain however winter in Argentina.)

Siempre tengo sueño en otoño.
(I’m all the time sleepy within the fall.)

Los días de invierno son muy cortos.
(Winter days are too brief.)

When to Use Seasons in Adjective Kind and Verb Kind

In English, the nouns for seasons can develop into the next adjectives: spring, summery, autumnal/fall and wintery.

Spanish additionally has these adjective types: primaveral (spring), veraniego (summery), otoñal (autumnal/fall) and invernal (wintery).

Like most adjectives in Spanish, they go after the noun.

Check out these sentences:

El tiempo primaveral es agradable.
(Spring climate is comfy.)

El sol veraniego puede ser peligroso.
(The summery solar may be harmful.)

Hay muchas tradiciones durante las fiestas otoñales.
(There are a lot of traditions throughout the fall holidays.)

Este tiempo invernal es perfecto para Navidad.
(This wintery climate is ideal for Christmas.)

“Summer time” and “winter” are additionally used as verbs in English, corresponding to within the sentence, “My household all the time summers within the south of France.”

Equally, verano and invierno have verb types in Spanish: veranear and invernar.

They’re each -ar verbs and conjugated accordingly. Learn by means of some examples:

Ella normalmente veranea junto a su familia.
(She often summers collectively along with her household.)

Desearía poder invernar en Cancún.
(I want I might winter in Cancún.)

Seasons in Spanish Follow Quiz

With out trying on the definitions or translations above, translate these sentences into Spanish to check how a lot your seasonal vocabulary has grown:

1. Season

2. Summer time

3. Winter

4. Spring

5. Fall/autumn

6. It’s very chilly at present

7. It’s so sunny

8. It’s cloudy

9. It’s raining and hailing

10. She often summers in Spain



1. La estación / la temporada

2. El verano

3. El invierno

4. La primavera

5. El otoño

6. Hace mucho frío hoy

7. Hay mucho sol / está muy soleado

8. Hay nubes / está nublado

9. Está lloviendo y granizando

10. Ella normalmente veranea en España


Realizing how one can speak concerning the seasons in Spanish opens up a complete world to you. Spanish-speaking nations aren’t simply summer time trip spots anymore.

Now you may talk all 12 months spherical, from icy winters within the Andes mountains to flowery springs in Andalusia.

Each time and wherever you resolve to go, simply take this vocabulary with you.



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