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Utilizing Substitution in IELTS to Enhance Writing Coherency

This lesson reveals you ways you need to use substitution in IELTS to extend your band rating. 

In the event you take a look at the IELTS band descriptors, you may see that substitution is referred to at band 6 and seven for coherency and cohesion in Activity 1 and a pair of:

  • Band 7: A variety of cohesive units together with reference and substitution is used flexibly however with some inaccuracies or some over/underneath use.
  • Band 6: The usage of reference and substitution might lack flexibility or readability and lead to some repetition or errors.

So you may see that it is essential in relation to your writing and your closing rating.

What’s Substitution?

Substitution in English grammar is when a phrase, phrase, or clause in a sentence is changed by a distinct phrase or phrase as a way to keep away from repeating the beforehand used phrase. 

You should use this technique to enhance the cohesion in addition to the high quality of your writing.

By substituting a distinct phrase or phrase for one thing written earlier, you might be summarising the earlier textual content, and as a consequence, you might be linking the concepts in several clauses or sentences. 

Moreover, utilizing substitution in IELTS lets you keep away from repetition and in addition stops you from relying an excessive amount of on conjunctions (e.g. whereas, though, and, so and so forth) and transitions (e.g. nevertheless, firstly, due to this fact and so forth) to make connections. 

So general, using substitution in IELTS will enhance the standard of your writing considerably. 

Examples of Substitution

To clarify additional how they can be utilized, listed here are some examples. 

Instance 1:

Dad and mom ought to get punished with excessive fines if their youngsters are concerned in anti-social behaviour at evening. Introducing such a measure would guarantee dad and mom management their youngsters.

Instance 2:

Unemployment and poverty are reaching document ranges because of the lockdown, details that may now not be ignored by governments who proceed to make use of them as a device in opposition to Covid 19.

In Each of those examples, the phrases in pink refer again to the data within the earlier sentence or clause of the identical sentence.

They assist to hyperlink the data collectively within the sentences and categorical concepts whereas avoiding repetition. 

You may see extra examples of substitution right here.


The substitution quiz beneath will assist to indicate you ways differing phrases can be utilized to switch phrases, phrases or clauses used beforehand. 

Search for in a dictionary any phrases you don’t perceive. 


Select the appropriate phrase that would slot in the house. Some phrases which will seem to suit might not do as they don’t work grammatically or are incorrect collocations.

Extra Activity 2 IELTS Classes:

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