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Chinese language Numbers – Your Go-to Information for Counting in Chinese language from 0

Are you able to discover Chinese language numbers 1-100 and past? Learn this text, and also you’ll have a stable data of counting in Chinese language.

At this time, I’ll train you all numbers in Chinese language, from 1 to 10, 10 to 100, and I’ll additionally embody 1000’s and tens of millions.

And in case you’re involved in slightly bonus, I’ll discuss a bit about phrases for measurements in Chinese language, too.

Additionally, let’s not overlook we have to learn to say “Chinese language numerals” first. So right here it’s: 中文数字 (zhōngwén shùzì) – “Chinese language numerals” / ”Chinese language numbers”.

(Observe that, for the sake of readability, I’ve written each a quantity and a phrase that represents it when translating within the textual content. For instance: “forty-five” (45).)

Okay, so now, are you prepared to begin? Let’s run proper into it!

Chinese language Numbers 1-10

Chinese language folks use their characters even for numbers. However these days, it’s not unusual to see Arabic numerals in China both.

Right here, I’ll present you the right way to rely from 1-10 in Chinese language and I’ll additionally embody each Chinese language characters and pinyin that can assist you study. (Pinyin is the English romanization of Chinese language characters.)

Quantity Chinese language Character Pinyin
2 èr
3 sān
6 liù
9 jiǔ
10 shí

Additionally, “zero” in Chinese language is tremendous straightforward.

It’s quite common to see this Chinese language character: 〇 (líng) for “zero (0)”, however you may nonetheless run into this one: 零 (líng) – “zero (0)” as nicely.

Observe that 二 (èr, “two (2)”) is generally used when counting or giving out a telephone quantity.
When referring to a amount of one thing, comparable to utilizing measure phrases and saying “each” or “two of one thing” as an alternative of simply “two”, 两 (liǎng) is the one you need to use.

For instance:

  • 二十块钱 (èrshí kuài qián) – “twenty (20) renminbi”
  • 两本书 (liǎng běn shū) – “two (2) books”

If you communicate rapidly, particularly when sharing a telephone quantity, use 幺 (yāo) – “one (1)” as an alternative of 一 () – “one (1)”.

In Chinese language, 一 (, “one (1)”) sounds too much like 七 (, “seven (7)”), so it may get simply confused when talking quick.

You’ll additionally have to keep in mind that the quantity “4 (4)” – 四 () – symbolizes unhealthy luck in Chinese language. That’s as a result of it sounds much like 死 () – “demise”.

Quantity 4 in Chinese language is like quantity 13 within the Western world. Usually, the 4th flooring is ignored in buildings and lodges, and Chinese language folks wouldn’t be completely satisfied in case you gave them 4 of one thing, comparable to flowers or fruits.

Chinese language Numbers 11-20 & Above

The Chinese language numerals 11-20 are fairly straightforward – all you must know is the right way to rely 1-10 and also you’ll simply mix these characters as you go additional. Consider it like stacking the numbers collectively.

The identical goes for numbers 30, 40, and so forth.

Quantity Chinese language Characters Pinyin
11 十一 shíyī
12 十二 shí’èr
13 十三 shísān
14 十四 shísì
15 十五 shíwǔ
16 十六 shíliù
17 十七 shíqī
18 十八 shíbā
19 十九 shíjiǔ
20 二十 èrshí
30 三十 sānshí
40 四十 sìshí
50 五十 wǔshí
60 六十 liùshí
70 七十 qīshí
80 八十 bāshí
90 九十 jiǔshí

Numbers 11-19 are only a mixture of the quantity 10 + the next quantity.

So the sample to say these numbers is: 10+1 for 11, 10+2 for 12, and so forth.

Numerals 20, 30, and following, are the identical method, however simply the opposite method round: 20 is 2 tens, 30 is 3 tens, and so forth.

For numbers in between, like 21, 22, 45, and others, the sample of “two tens” continues. You’ll simply add the final quantity on the finish.

It goes like this:

  • 二十五 (èrshíwǔ) – “twenty-five (25)”
  • 三十三 (sānshísān) – “thirty-three (33)”
  • 九十六 (jiǔshíliù) – “ninety-six (96)”

So long as you study Mandarin numbers 1-10, you’ll be able to grasp all of the numbers. And once you get to 100, you’ll have to study a brand new character, but it surely’s nonetheless fairly straightforward.

Counting in Chinese language is one factor that’s straightforward about studying Chinese language!

Chinese language Numbers 100-999

You may get away with the data of simply 1-10 till you get to 100, however even after that, it’s not that tough.

To say “100 (100)” in Chinese language, you want a brand new phrase – 百 (bǎi) or 一百 (yìbǎi).

The distinction is identical as it’s in English: 百 (bǎi) means “100” and 百 (yìbǎi) is “100”. Each of them are appropriate, however when counting, it’s extra widespread to make use of 百 (yìbǎi) – “100”.

If you rely from 101-109, there’s a slight distinction in comparison with English. Whereas in English you’d say “100 and one”, in Chinese language, you’ll say “100 zero and one”. If you happen to omit the “zero”, the quantity modifications to a unique one.

Have a look:

  • 一百零一 or 一百〇一 (yìbǎi líng yī) – “100 and one (101)”
  • 一百零二 or 一百〇二 (yìbǎi líng èr) – “100 and two (102)”

From 110, there are two alternative ways you’ll be able to say a quantity.

The sample stays the identical:

  • 一百一(十) (yìbǎi yī (shí)) – “100 and ten (110)”
  • 一百三(十) (yìbǎi sān (shí)) – “100 and thirty (130)”

You’ll discover that in each instances, 十 (shí, “ten (10)”) is in brackets. That’s as a result of you’ll be able to depart it out utterly.

That’s the explanation why 101-109 at all times want to be stated with a zero – in any other case they’d sound the identical as 120-190.

This solely applies so long as the quantity ends with a zero. In any other case, you’ll be able to’t depart 十 (shí) – “ten (10)” out.

Right here’s an instance of that:

一百三十五 (yìbǎi sānshíwǔ) – “100 thirty-five (135)”

Now, let’s take a look at examples of the right way to mix the numbers that we already know into larger, extra sophisticated ones. Attempt to check your self with this desk:

Numbers Chinese language Characters Pinyin
129 一百二十九 yìbǎi èrshíjiǔ
145 一百四十五 yìbǎi sìshíwǔ
175 一百七十五 yìbǎi qīshíwǔ
188 一百八十八 yìbǎi bāshíbā
191 一百九十一 yìbǎi jiǔshíyī

With a whole bunch, the idea is much like tens. You’re counting as in case you’re including:

  • 二百 (èrbǎi) or 两百 (liǎngbǎi) – “200 (200)” (each are proper)
  • 三百 (sānbǎi) – “300 (300)”
  • 四百 (sìbǎi) – “4 hundred (400)”
  • 五百 (wǔbǎi) – “5 hundred (500)”
  • 六百 (liùbǎi) – “600 (600)”
  • 七百 (qībǎi) – “seven hundred (700)”
  • 八百 (bābǎi) – “eight hundred (800)”
  • 九百 (jiǔbǎi) – “9 hundred (900)”

There may be one factor you must keep in mind linked to quantity 250. Watch out when utilizing this quantity, particularly interacting with a Chinese language individual.

In China, being referred to as “250” is an insult – mainly, you’re calling the individual you’re chatting with an fool.

You don’t even have to check with an individual as “250”; it’s sufficient to only point out the quantity when speaking about value or bargaining and sure, you’ve simply insulted somebody.

Let’s pause for a second to catch our breath. You could be questioning proper now why on Earth you determined to begin studying Chinese language. Don’t despair, it’s simpler than it appears. In truth, don’t simply take my phrase for it, take John Fotheringham’s.

He has in depth expertise in studying Chinese language, and I interviewed him on an episode of the Language Hacking Podcast:

Chinese language Numbers 1,000 & Above – the Large Numbers

Even the “massive” Mandarin numbers aren’t as scary as you may suppose.

You’ll discover that in Chinese language, these numbers get their very own character, so as an alternative of claiming “ten thousand” or “one million”, you’ll want to recollect these specific names and what number of zeros they imply.

The remaining is simpler – identical to with the numbers I’ve already proven you.

These are all of the Chinese language numbers with three or extra zeros:

Quantity Chinese language Characters Pinyin
1,000 一千 yīqiān
10,000 wàn
100,000 十万 shí wàn
1,000,000 一百万 yìbǎi wàn
10,000,000 一千万 yīqiān wàn
100,000,000 亿
1,000,000,000 十亿 shí yì

You possibly can see the distinction between forming the large numbers in English and in Chinese language.

As a substitute of “ten thousand (10,000)”, Chinese language have 万 (wàn) and as an alternative of “one million (1,000,000)”, Chinese language have 一百万 (yìbǎi wàn), which accurately means “100 of ten thousand”.

It’s a bit math-heavy, however you’ll be able to see that it does add as much as one million.

Listed here are some examples of numbers I’m positive you’ll be capable to say in Chinese language after studying this information:

  • 两万三百零九 (liǎng wàn sānbǎi líng jiǔ) – “twenty thousand 300 and 9 (20,309)”
  • 一百万三十万二十五 (yìbǎi wàn sānshí wàn èrshíwǔ) – “a million 300 thousand and twenty-five (1,300,025)”

Having fun with studying about Chinese language numbers? Don’t fear, we’re not accomplished but. I nonetheless have a bonus prepared for you!

Earlier than we get to our Chinese language measure phrases, take a look at this transient information to Chinese language ordinal numbers, days of the week and months of the yr:

First, Second, and As soon as… Chinese language Ordinal Numbers

If you happen to’re nonetheless ready for a catch and may’t consider how straightforward Chinese language numbers are… Effectively, this isn’t it!

Chinese language ordinal numbers are merely a mix of the phrase 第 () and a quantity simply the way in which you learnt it.

It goes like this:

  • 第一 (dì yī) – “first (1st)”
  • 第二 (dì èr) – “second (2nd)”
  • 第五十四 (dì wǔshísì) – “fifty-fourth (54th)”

And if you wish to say one thing occurred as soon as, twice or 3 times, you merely add 次 () – “occasions” after the quantity:

  • 一次 (yīcì) – “as soon as”
  • 两次 (liǎng cì) – “twice”
  • 三次 (sāncì) – “3 times”

Chinese language Days of the Week and Months of the Yr

天 (tiān) means “day” in Chinese language, 星期 (xīngqí) is “week” and 月 (yuè) means “month”.

Are you able to guess why I advised you these?

If you happen to study no less than the final two out of those three phrases and keep in mind the numbers from this text, you’re all set to call all the times and months within the calendar.

Let me present you the sample of Chinese language days:

  • 星期一 (xīngqíyī) – “Monday” (actually: “day of the week one”)
  • 星期二 (xīngqí’èr) – “Tuesday” (actually: “day of the week two”)
  • 星期六 (xīngqíliù) – “Saturday” (actually: “day of the week six”)

The one day that isn’t mixed with the phrase “week” and a quantity is Sunday, and that’s as a result of 七 () – “seven (7)”, as within the seventh day of the week, sounds too much like 期 (), which is the element of 星期 (xīngqí) – “week”.

So “Sunday” could be 星期日 (xīngqírì) or 星期天 (xīngqítiān). Each are appropriate.

Relating to months, their names are easy, too:

  • 一月 (yī yuè) – “January” (actually: “month one”)
  • 四月 (sì yuè) – “April” (actually: “month 4”)
  • 十二月 (shí’èr yuè) – “December” (actually: “month twelve”)

As you’ll be able to see, the variety of every month comes first, adopted by the phrase 月 (yuè) – “month”.

And now, let’s lastly take a look on the bonus I promised you firstly of this information:

Chinese language Measure Phrases

In Mandarin Chinese language, you’ll be able to’t mix a quantity and a noun and not using a measure phrase in between them.

Though even in English we’re aware of some form of “measure phrases”, comparable to “a cup of tea” or “ten teams of individuals”, we will nearly at all times depart them out.

In Chinese language, these phrases can’t be omitted, and they aren’t interchangeable.

Each noun, or group of nouns, has its personal measure phrase that can be utilized with it.
Some are logical, however some simply have to be memorized.

Right here’s a listing of 10 widespread measure phrases with examples:

Measure Phrase Pinyin Use Instance
folks, normal objects 三个人 (*sān gè rén*) – “three folks”
objects that may be grasped/a bunch 两把刀 (*liǎng bǎ dāo*) – “two knives”
zhǐ animals and physique elements in pairs 九只猫 (*jiǔ zhǐ māo*) – “9 cats”
běn books and paper merchandise 十五本书 (*shíwǔ běn shū*) – “fifteen books”
shuāng a pair 一双筷子 (*yī shuāng kuàizi*) – “a pair of chopsticks”
zhāng flat objects 七张电车票 (*qī zhāng diàn chēpiào* – “seven tram tickets”
jiā gatherings of individuals, institutions 这家饭店 (*zhè jiā fàndiàn*) – “this restaurant”
zhī skinny, lengthy objects 一支铅笔 (*yī zhī qiānbǐ*) – “a pencil”
jiān rooms 两间卧室 (*liǎng jiān wòshì*) – “two bedrooms”
bēi glass 两杯葡萄酒 (*liǎng bēi pútáojiǔ*) – “two glasses of wine”

Chinese language Numbers Made Simple!

Mandarin Chinese language is a selected and tough language to study.

However the excellent news is, its numbers are fairly straightforward!

Keep in mind, study numbers 1-10, then 100, 1,000 and 10,000 and by combining these collectively, you’ll be able to actually rely to infinity and past.

Come say hello on Instagram (@languagehacking), TikTok (@irishpolyglot), or Twitter (@irishpolyglot) and let me know what you’ll be counting!

And in case you haven’t had sufficient of counting in one other language, study the Spanish numbers or Japanese numbers right this moment. (Japanese is surprisingly comparable!)

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Benny Lewis

Founder, Fluent in 3 Months

Enjoyable-loving Irish man, full-time globe trotter and worldwide bestselling writer. Benny believes the most effective strategy to language studying is to communicate from day one.

Speaks: Spanish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Esperanto, Mandarin Chinese language, American Signal Language, Dutch, Irish

View all posts by Benny Lewis



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