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Deadline Approaching: Type I-9 Digital Inspection of Employment Authorization and Identification Paperwork will Finish on July 31, 2023

Employers with distant workforces ought to take be aware that they might want to start bodily inspecting new hires’ I-9 documentation once more as of August 1, 2023 – and so they might want to conduct a bodily inspection of workers’ paperwork that had been solely nearly inspected throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.

The U.S. Division of Homeland Safety (DHS) and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) introduced earlier this month that employers can have 30 days to succeed in compliance with Type I-9 necessities after the “COVID-19 flexibilities” sundown on July 31, 2023.


The U.S. Division of Homeland Safety (DHS) and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) rules require that Employment Eligibility Verification (Type I-9) underneath Part 274A of the INA be inspected. Pre-pandemic, it was primarily a on condition that this inspection would happen in individual.  When employers carry out these inspections remotely (e.g., over video hyperlink, fax or electronic mail, and many others.), they need to get hold of, examine, and retain copies of the id and employment eligibility paperwork listed on Type I-9, Part 2 (the “Part 2 paperwork”) inside three enterprise day of rent.  Within the Further Info area, employers had been directed to point “paperwork bodily examined” and the date of inspection. 

Pandemic-Associated Suspension of Bodily Inspection

In March 2020, as a result of COVID-19 pandemic and the truth that many workplaces went principally or absolutely distant, ICE quickly suspended the requirement that Part 2 paperwork be “bodily” inspected, in individual, within the presence of the worker.  The in-person inspection requirement was deferred, till “three enterprise days after regular operations resumed”.

Then, for brand new hires after April 1, 2021, it was introduced that the requirement that employers examine workers’ Part 2 paperwork in-person would solely apply to these workers who bodily report back to work at an organization location on any common, constant, or predictable foundation.  (In different phrases, there was no change to regular necessities for workers bodily current at a piece location).

If workers employed on or after April 1, 2021, labored completely in a distant setting attributable to COVID-19-related precautions, they had been quickly exempt from the bodily inspection necessities.   The non permanent exemption ended when the worker resumed non-remote employment on an everyday, constant, or predictable foundation, or the extension of the flexibilities associated to such necessities is terminated, whichever is earlier.

Bodily Inspection Required inside 30 Days after July 31, 2023

The tip of the pandemic associated flexibility was introduced in Could 2023. A bodily inspection of the paperwork that had been, throughout the pandemic, solely nearly inspected, now should happen inside 30 days after the flexibilities finish on July 31, 2023.

Employers ought to schedule examination conferences with their distant employees as quickly as doable, on or earlier than August 30, 2023.  The one that inspects the paperwork ought to add the phrases “COVID-19,” the date of the bodily inspection, and the identify of the one who performed it within the Further Info area.


Employers who’ve moved to a largely everlasting distant workforce could also be questioning find out how to virtually conduct bodily inspections for his or her far-flung workers.  Nevertheless, this could current solely a minimal problem.  An employer could designate an “approved consultant” to finish Part 2 or 3 of Type I-9 on behalf of the corporate.  This could embody human useful resource personnel, job forepersons (comparable to area manufacturing managers), brokers or notary publics.  For workers who work absolutely remotely from areas very distant from any firm places of work, going to their native notary public workplace could be the most sensible resolution.

The Division of Homeland Safety doesn’t require the approved consultant to have particular agreements or different documentation for Type I-9 functions. If a licensed consultant completes Type I-9 on behalf of the employer, the employer continues to be chargeable for any violations in reference to the shape or the verification course of.


The identical procedures apply to workers whose I-9 paperwork had been reverified nearly.  So, these reverification paperwork will should be inspected bodily.  As with Part 2 updates, when updating Part 3, the inspector ought to write “COVID-19” within the margin or annotate within the extra data area.

For the routine, deferred bodily inspections, employers shouldn’t create a brand new E-Confirm case for the worker, nor ought to they replace the present E-Confirm case, in reference to this bodily inspection.

What if the New Paperwork Do Not Match?

In accordance with DHS, If the worker presents unique paperwork for in-person inspection which are totally different from those offered for distant inspection as a result of the worker has a special immigration or U.S. citizenship standing, and so they could now not have the unique doc offered for distant inspection, then the employer could both:

  1. Full Part 2 on a brand new Type I-9 and connect it to the Type I-9 used for distant inspection; and notate that the worker modified their immigration standing within the Further Info area; or
  2. Present the doc title, doc quantity, issuing authority, and expiration date (if any) of the brand new doc and notate that the worker modified their immigration standing within the Further Info area.

DHS recommends choice 1.

Employers could discover that the types they’re reviewing and updating, contained errors. To appropriate the shape:

  • Draw a line by way of the wrong data.
  • Enter the proper data.
  • Preliminary and date the correction.

If there are a number of, or main, errors on the shape, the inspector could redo the part on a brand new Type I-9 and connect it to the outdated kind.  A be aware ought to be included within the file concerning the explanation for the modifications to an present Type I-9 or why the brand new Type I-9 was accomplished. 

Don’t conceal any modifications made on the shape (aside from easy notation errors when copying doc data). Doing so could result in elevated legal responsibility underneath federal immigration regulation.

Be aware that from Could 1, 2020, and April 30, 2022, workers had been quickly permitted to current an expired Checklist B doc.  If an worker offered an expired Checklist B doc between Could 1, 2020, and April 30, 2022, employers had been required to replace their Kinds I-9 by July 31, 2022.  Employers who didn’t achieve this, ought to take this chance to acquire an up to date Checklist B doc.

Can Staff Refuse?

No. Employers can not make use of workers in the US with out finishing the employment verification course of and the Type I-9.  The requirement to bodily examine paperwork has been round for so long as the Type I-9 itself.  Staff employed since March 2020 are merely finishing a government-mandated course of that they’d have needed to full inside 3 enterprise days of rent, pre-pandemic.

Proposed Rulemaking – Different Inspection?

In recognition that many workforces have gone distant and by no means regarded again, there are proposed guidelines within the works that might allow employers to make use of different inspection means going ahead.  DHS anticipates a remaining rule to be printed by year-end 2023.



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